In Brazil, in accordance with the Vigitel the 2007 (System of Monitoramento de Fatores de Risco and Proteo for Not Transmissible Chronic Illnesses), average occurrence of diabetes in the adult population (above of 18 years) is of 5,2%, what it represents 6.399.187 of people who had confirmed to be carriers of the illness, however the prevalence increases with the age: diabetes reaches 18.6% of the population with superior age the 65 years. Acting as nursing technique, the author observed that the diabetic patients nor always follow the peculiar orientaes its illness, and that many times, the professionals of the health, forget that, exactly without injury this patient possesss a foot, that needs special attention, these two factors, joined, consequently increases the risks of complications and of peripheral neuropatias, called diabetic foot, where the foot of the diabetic patient is acometido by deficiency in the sanguineous circulation and consequent necrosis, needing, in some cases, of surgical amputation, mutilating the patient and bringing the same, changes still more radicals in its life. To work with diabetic patients made with that the perception of the author, increased ahead of the high index of patients who do not adopt the measures necessary to prevent complications in its feet, refuse or abandon the treatment, exactly being guided how much to the importance of the attention and the care with the feet. However, many professionals of the health, do not examine the feet of its patients adequately and they do not guide them on the importance of the auto-examination, leave to pass unobserved, symptoms and signals, that easily would be discovered with an evaluation of the feet, practise this, that would prevent greaters upheavals for the patient, and minor cost for public agencies. Observing the patients who follow the treatment correctly and that they pass periodically for the evaluation of the feet, the author perceived that these adhere with bigger easiness to the treatment and possess a quality of better life, this occurs, for the received orientation, making with that they know its pathology more good, with this is capable to coexist the illness more good, beyond precociously identifying possible alterations in its feet.