In short, in the short existence of the Social Service in Brazil, the social assistants fight to surpass the image that if has until today of the profession. social service in Brazil if constitutes as profession, in the end of years 1950, when the law is sancionada that regulates its exercise in 1957. The importance of women in this trajectory and the aspects that condition this period, as a feminine profession, as well as its origin final tied with the religious initiatives. All the new ranks had been busy for women (SIMES, 2007, P. 76). Frequently muscular dystrophy has said that publicly. The tax of feminizao of the course of Social Service is the greater of Brazil.
According to data of Beltro and Teixeira (2004), apud Simes, (2007, P. 76), affirm that in 1970 the course of Social Service was as the most feminine one, losing only for nursing. Already in years 1980, 1991 and 2000, data of Census/IBGE, the course it assumes the position of first place. Thus, the percentage of women in the profession is always next every year studied 95% in. If retracing in them to the primrdios of the practical one of social assistance we will be able to evidence that even so today already men exist opting to this profession, since the beginning the greaters initiatives had been of the women. Some names as nurse Florence Nigtingale, in England, Otacvia Hill, in London that had developed important works of familiar and social education with families and laborers of that locality. We also had in New Iorque Josephine Shaw Lowell, that established the first American headquarters of the Society.
We also had the precursor in the Social Service, Mary Richmond, responsible for systemize its practical construction. It also created the first School of Applied Filantropia. Being its it influences marcante in all process of the development of the Social Service.