The great insufflation of parnquima corresponding to the bronchi of the engaged wolf is characteristic. Such insufflation, that in general it reaches only one wolf, bes situated of preference in the superior and average wolves. Beyond already known repercussions morfofuncionais that occur in the pulmes in patients with enfisema pulmonary, some agencies and structures suffer the impact from these alterations, as the diaphragm, the heart and the carotdeo body, among others. CAUSES OF PULMONARY ENFISEMA enfisema acquired it and normally for smokers, more it can yes for some genetic factor, very rare but it can happen yes for a congenital deficiency of a protective enzyme of the pulmes the 1-antitripsina alpha, that and called enfisema genetic with the predisposition to develop enfisema in not smoking exactly. Already in this in case that, the manifest illness if in younger people with a faster evolution. In this case some genetic therapies are being studied for specialists.
It to be also associated to other illnesses as the bronchitis and the chronic bronchitis. TREATMENTS Have some options of treatment that can help patients with enfisema, but enfisema does not have cure however the step most important is to stop to smoke. When stopping to smoke when the blockages of air flow still are light or moderate the development of the incapacitante air lack is delayed. However, to stop to smoke in any point of the illness is beneficial. People with enfisema pulmonary also must prevent exposition to other pollutants in air. options of treatment of enfisema pulmonary include: remedies broncodilatadores, anti-inflammatory corticosterides, therapy with oxygen (supplement of complementary oxygen), surgery of reduction of the pulmes, transplant of lung (had to the risks it is viable only for a small group of patients) and program of physical exercises the measure that enfisema evolves, the person leave to make a series of things, become more sedentary.